Campo de producción de cítricos

Production zones

Citrus are very versatile and are able to adapt to different climates, from subtropical arid to humid tropical. Chile has a Subtropical Mediterranean climate with distinct seasons; this suits citrus and allows for excellent fruit.

This crop requires sufficient heat during the spring and summer to gain the degrees that will enable the development of the fruit and its optimal maturity. They also need a cold enough winter to help in the colouring of the fruit; however, they don’t like too much cold and have a low resistance to freezes. Clementine and manadarin trees are among the most resilient and can endure harsher winters, but their fruits are extremely sensitive to low temperatures; orange trees rarely tolerate freezing temperatures. That us why it is essential to have mild climatesfrom flowering to harvest.

In Chile there are three main citrus growing areas. The earliest is the mountainous area of Coquimbo Region (mainly close to El Palqui in Ovalle and Vicuña in Elqui) where the first clementines begin to be harvested in April. The central valleys of the Valparaiso and Metropolitan regions follow, with harvests usually begining the first week of May. Finally, the fruit of the coastal regions of Coquimbo, Valparaíso and O’Higgins start to be harvested in late May and they go on up until September.

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